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Categories :: Health & Medical : Nutrition Articles
 


 

Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Minerals and Their Importance in Nutrition
 
The term 'minerals' refers to elements in their simple inorganic form. In nutrition they are commonly referred to as mineral elements or inorganic nutrients.Minerals are vital to health. Like vitamins and amino acids, minerals are essential for regulating and building the trillions of living cells which make up the body. Body cells receive the essential food elements through the blood stream. They must, therefore, be properly nourished with an adequate supply of all the essential minerals for the efficient functioning of the body.Minerals help maintain the volume of water necessary to life processes in the body. They help draw chemical substances into and out of the cell  (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Calcium and the Importance in Nutrition
 
The human body needs calcium more than any other mineral. A man weighing 70 kg. contains one kg. of calcium. About 99 percent of the quantity in the body is used for building strong bones and teeth and the remaining one percent is used by the blood, muscles and nerves.Calcium performs many important functions. Without this mineral, the contractions of the heart would be faulty, the muscles would not contract properly to make the limbs move and blood would not clot. Calcium stimulates enzymes in the digestive process and coordinates the functions of all other minerals in the body. Calcium is found in milk and milk products, whole wheat, leafy vegetables such as lettuce, spinach,  (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Iron and the Importance in Nutrition
 
Iron is an important mineral which enters into the vital activity of the blood and glands. Iron exists chiefly as haemoglobin in the blood. It distributes the oxygen inhaled into the lungs to all the cells. It is the master mineral which creates warmth, vitality, and stamina. It is required for the healthy complexion and for building up resistance in the body.The chief sources of iron are grapes, raisins, spinach, all green vegetables, whole grain, cereals, dried beans, dark coloured fruits, beets, dates, liver and egg yolk. The Indian Council of Medical Research has recommended an allowance of 20 to 30 mg. of iron in a balanced diet for an adult.Iron deficiency is general  (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Sulphur and the Importance in Nutrition
 
All living matter contains some sulphur; this element is therefore essential for life. The greater part of the sulphur in the human body is present in the two sulphur-containing amino acids; methionine and cysteine, or in the double form of the latter cystine.The main purpose of sulphur is to dissolve waste materials. It helps to eject some of the waste and poisons from the system. It helps keep the skin clear of blemishes and makes hair glossy. It is also valuable in rheumatic conditions.The main sulphur-containing foods are radishes, carrots, cabbage, cheese, dried beans, fish, and eggs. There is no recommended dietary allowance. But a diet sufficient in protein will ge  (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Magnesium and the Importance in Nutrition
 
All human tissues contain small amounts of magnesium. The Adult human body contains about 25 gms. of this mineral. The greater part of this amount is present in bones in combination with phosphate and carbonate. Bone ashes contain less than one per cent magnesium. About one-fifty of the total magnesium in the body is present in the soft tissues, where it is mainly bound to protein. Next to potassium, magnesium is the predominant metallic action in living cells. The bones seem to provide a reserve supply of this mineral in case of shortage elsewhere in the body.Biochemists call magnesium the "cool, alkaline, refreshing, sleep-promoting mineral." Magnesium helps one keep calm and co  (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Sodium and the Importance in Nutrition
 
Sodium Chloride, the chemical name for common salt, contains 39 per cent of sodium, an element which never occurs in free form in nature. It is found in an associated form with many minerals especially in plentiful amounts with chlorine. The body of a healthy person weighing about 65 kg. contains 256 g. of sodium chloride. Of this the major part, just over half, is in the extra-cellular fluid. About 96 g. is in bone and less than 32 g. in the cells.Sodium is the most abundant: chemical in the extra-cellular fluid of the body. It acts with other electrolytes, especially potassium, in the intracellular fluid, to regulate the osmotic pressure and maintain a proper water balance with  (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Potassium and the Importance in Nutrition
 
Potassium is essential to the life of every cell of a living being and is among the most generously and widely distributed of all the tissue minerals. It is found principally in the intracellular fluid where it plays an important role as a catalyst in energy metabolsim and in the synthesis of glycogen and protein. The average adult human body contains 120 g. as potassium and 245 g. as potassium chloride. Out of this body potassium, 117 g. is found in the cells and 3 g. in the extracellular compartment.Potassium is important as an alkalizing agent in keeping a proper acid-alkaline balance in the blood and tissues. It is essential for muscle contraction and therefore, important for   (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Chlorine and the Importance in Nutrition
 
In the human body, chlorine is liberated by the interaction of common salt, taken along with food, and hydrochloric acid liberated in the stomach during the process of digestion. It is essential for the proper distribution of carbon dixoxide and the maintenance of osmotic pressure in the tissues.This food element is necessary for the manufacture of glandular hormone secretions. It prevents the building of excessive fat and auto-intoxication. Chlorine regulates the blood’s alkaline -acid balance and works with Potassium in a compound form. It aids in the cleaning out of body waste by helping the liver to function.Chlorine is found in cheese and other milk products, gree  (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Iodine and the Importance in Nutrition
 
The chief store-house of iodine in the body is the thyroid gland. The essential thyroxine, which is secreted by this gland, is made by the circulating iodine. Thyroxine is a wonder chemical which controls the basic metabolism and oxygen consumption of tissues. It increases the heart rate as well as urinary calcium excretion. Iodine regulates the rate of energy production and body weight and promotes proper growth. It improves mental alacrity and promotes healthy hair, nails, skin, and teeth.The best dietary sources of iodine are kelp and other seaweeds. Other good sources are turnip greens, garlic, watercress, pineapples, pears, artichokes, citrus fruits, egg yolk and seafoods a  (read full article)
 
 
Category :: Nutrition Articles Author :: Grata Young 
 
 Article Title :: Copper and the Importance in Nutrition
 
There are approximately 75 to 150 mg. of copper in the adult human body. Newborn infants have higher concentrations than adults. Liver, brain, kidney, heart, and hair contain relatively high concentration. Average serum copper levels are higher in adult females than in males.Serum copper levels also increase significantly in women both during pregnancy and when taking oral contraceptives.This mineral helps in the conversion of iron into haemoglobin. It stimulates the growth of red blood cells. It is also an integral part of certain digestive enzymes. It makes the amino acid tyrosine usable, enabling it to work as the pigmenting factor for hair and skin. It is also essenti  (read full article)
 
 
 
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